Strategic Partnership Agreement Between India And Afghanistan

The Salma Dam, officially Afghan-India Friendship Dam, is a dam project on the Hari River in Chishti Sharif district, Herat province, western Afghanistan. The Afghan cabinet has renamed the Salma Dam in Afghanistan-India Friendship Dam to strengthen relations between the two countries. The Prime Minister said the two countries had also signed two agreements on Afghanistan`s energy needs, which were “a new dimension in economic relations” to enable Kabul to better integrate with the Indian economy and other South Asian economies. Bilateral relations between Afghanistan and India have remained strong and friendly over the decades. India and Afghanistan were historical neighbours and share cultural ties between Bollywood and cricket. [1] [2] Indo-Afghan bilateral relations must extend to new areas. Two separate softs have been signed for mining and hydrocarbon exploration. Many specific areas of cooperation have been identified, including trade, investment, science and technology, agriculture, mining, health, regional trade agreements, quality assurance and standardization, transport, energy, regional infrastructure projects, annual scholarship programs, sports and student exchanges. A group of well-known personalities will also be formed, representing different fields. Parliament`s exchanges are encouraged. All of this will help strengthen mutually beneficial economic relations between the two countries. At a time when the West is distancing itself from Afghanistan, India is helping the country build a nation. If India is able to maintain such a comprehensive partnership with Afghanistan under difficult circumstances, it would serve as a model for India to manage its relations with other neighbouring countries.

But maintaining a broader policy in the neighbourhood will require resources. The Ministry of External Affairs website contains some figures that help to assess how much it spends on soft power projection. India`s aid to Bhutan in 2010-11 was Rs. 1294 crore followed by Rs. 290 crore for Afghanistan, Rs. 151 crore for Nepal, Rs. 90 crore for Sri Lanka, Rs. 90 crore for Myanmar, Rs. 6 crore for Bangladesh, Rs. 3 crore for Maldives, and Rs.

150 crore for whole Africa. India passed in 1958 for the ITEC (technical cooperation) programme. Aid and reduced-rate loans to various governments account for about 6% of the total MEA budget, or 6375 balances, of which about 31% of the total ITEC budget. For a country the size of India with a global foreign policy, it is a small amount of money. The immediate challenge will be to allocate funds to the strengthened strategic partnership between India and Afghanistan. In general, India will need much more resources to pursue an effective and sustainable foreign policy in its neighbourhood. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Khan Sahib were prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement and active supporters of the Indian National Congress. Although the NWFP was part of Pakistan in 1947, the active support of the Pashtun population for the Indian struggle for freedom has aroused great sympathy in India for the cause of Pashtun autonomy and freedom. The Indian government continued to support Pashtun leader Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in lobbying for greater Sastunian freedom of opinion within the NWFP. [4] Indians are working on various construction projects as part of India`s reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan, although Indian secret services are accused by countries such as Pakistan of working to denigrate Pakistan and of training and supporting insurgents. [6] [7] [8] These workers are estimated to be between 3,000 and 4,000.

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